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The following collected information has been summarized to educate and bring potential awareness to current and potential employers and employees. It is suggested that both employers and employees are aware of such material. After all, knowledge is power.
One of the most accurate and updated guides to all of your labor law questions and concerns can be found at the Department of Labor website: http://www.dol.gov/
Note that it is mandatory that employers post notices describing the Federal laws prohibiting job discrimination. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was established on July 2nd, 1965 and is an independent federal law enforcement agency that enforces laws against workplace discrimination. Specifically, laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant of an employee based on any of the following dispositions:
Additional illegal discrimination can occur if an employer is discriminating against a person who has filed a complaint regarding discrimination or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit.
The EEOC laws apply to a variety of work situations - including hiring, firing, promotion, harassment, training, and anything associated with fairness of wages.
According to recently collected data, the majority of employers with a minimum of 15 employees are covered by EEOC laws, as well as most labor unions and employment agencies.
For further details of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), you may visit their official website and similar links listed below:
Official EEOC website
The Act, effective as of November 21, 2009, makes it illegal to discriminate against employees or applicants because of genetic information... http://www.eeoc.gov/
Laws Enforced by EEOC
This law makes it illegal to discriminate against someone on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex. The law also makes it illegal to retaliate against a person because the person complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation... http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/
Filing a Charge of Discrimination
If you believe that you have been discriminated against at work because of your race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information, you can file a Charge of Discrimination... http://www.eeoc.gov/employees/
Filing a Lawsuit
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission enforces Federal laws prohibiting employment discrimination... http://www.eeoc.gov/employees/
Discrimination by Type
Learn about the various types of discrimination prohibited by the laws enforced by EEOC... http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/types/
Ethnic/National Origin, Color, Race, Religion & Sex Discrimination http://www.dol.gov/
Small Business Liaisons Contact Info http://www.eeoc.gov/employers/contacts.cfm